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Overview Of The Types Of Smoke Detectors


You all would be aware of the fact that smoke detectors are mostly used for detecting fire.  There are various types of smoke detectors being used in various places. It is essential that you choose the right smoke detector based on certain factors like fuel, flame, type of smoke etc. Certain type of smoke detectors detects a specific type of smoke and fire on various conditions.

Different types of smoke detectors that are used.


zIonization Smoke Detector

This is the earliest type of smoke detector which is used from the past. This type of smoke detector operates based on the radioactive elements where the free flow of electrons under typical situations. When a gas leak occurs smoke enters the chamber, and the normal flow of electrons is affected, and this makes the alarm to ring.

Photo-electric Smoke Detector

This type of smoke detector contains a transmitter and a receiver. When there is no leak, the transmitter transmits light to the chamber which is absorbed by the black walls, and there is no light in receiver end. When smoke particles interfere the chamber the light transmitted is scattered, and it reaches the receiver, and this activates the alarm.

Projected Beam Smoke Detector

This type of smoke detector makes use of transmitter and receiver which receives light under unfavourable conditions. A beam detector works on the principle of obscuration which activates the alarm when it detects smoke. This type of detectors operates on long distance and requires a direct line of sight for its operation.

Aspirating Smoke Detector

This type of smoke detector contains four main components which include a network of pipes, an aspirator with calibration, a filter and smoke sensing device. This type of detector works on the principle of a photo-electric smoke detector. Smoke enters the sensing chamber, and the smoke particles scatter the light. The light receiver detects this light. This type of detectors can detect the presence of smoke much early

Video Smoke Detection

This is the latest technology which is used for protecting your assets. It contains three main components which include a camera, a computer and specialized software for image processing. In this technology, the video frame is detected for a smoke by the software. The use of the right algorithm analyzes this, and if it is smoke, then an alarm is activated.
The above are the types of smoke detectors that are used in various applications.

Read More : Basic Working Of Gas Detectors

Comments

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